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Effect of fermentation time on phenolic content and antioxidant potential in Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum (Willd. ex Spreng.) K.Schum.) beans

Cuellar Alvarez, Laura and Cuellar Alvarez, Natalia and Galeano Garcia, Paula and Suárez Salazar, Juan Carlos (2017) Effect of fermentation time on phenolic content and antioxidant potential in Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum (Willd. ex Spreng.) K.Schum.) beans. Acta Agronómica, 66 (4). 473 - 479. ISSN 2323-0118

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Resumen

Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum (Willd. ex Spreng.) K.Schum.) is an evergreen tree in the family Malvaceae, with nutritional qualities of interest in the food and cosmetic industry. It is necessary for its processing, in addition to other processes, to perform a fermentation, affecting its chemical composition. Therefore, the effect of fermentation time on the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of Cupuassu (T. grandiflorum) beans, was determined. During this process, the chemical properties of the beans and the phenolic content were evaluatedevery two days; also quantifying the secondary metabolites Catechin, Epicatechin, Theobromine and Caffeine by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The antioxidant activity was analyzed using the ABTS, DPPH, and FRAP assays. Analysis of phenolic content and antioxidant activity showed a decrease after 6 days of fermentation. Therefore, it is not recommended to continue fermentation after this period due to a negative influence of the process on the bioactive substances (Catechins) content, and the reduction of the ability to inhibit free radicals, exhibited by Cupuassu beans., Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum (Willd. ex Spreng.) K.Schum.) is an evergreen tree in the family Malvaceae, with nutritional qualities of interest in the food and cosmetic industry. It is necessary for its processing, in addition to other processes, to perform a fermentation, affecting its chemical composition. Therefore, the effect of fermentation time on the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of Cupuassu (T. grandiflorum) beans, was determined. During this process, the chemical properties of the beans and the phenolic content were evaluated every two days; also quantifying the secondary metabolites Catechin, Epicatechin, Theobromine and Caffeine by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The antioxidant activity was analyzed using the ABTS, DPPH, and FRAP assays. Analysis of phenolic content and antioxidant activity showed a decrease after 6 days of fermentation. Therefore, it is not recommended to continue fermentation after this period due to a negative influence of the process on the bioactive substances (Catechins) content, and the reduction of the ability to inhibit free radicals, exhibited by Cupuassu beans.

Tipo de documento:Artículo - Article
Palabras clave:Bromatological analysis, phenols, fermentation, free radicals, Bromatological analysis, phenols, fermentation, free radicals
Temática:5 Ciencias naturales y matemáticas / Science > 55 Ciencias de la tierra / Earth sciences & geology
6 Tecnología (ciencias aplicadas) / Technology > 63 Agricultura y tecnologías relacionadas / Agriculture
Unidad administrativa:Revistas electrónicas UN > Acta Agronómica
Código ID:59870
Enviado por : Dirección Nacional de Bibliotecas STECNICO
Enviado el día :28 Noviembre 2017 14:51
Ultima modificación:28 Noviembre 2017 14:51
Ultima modificación:28 Noviembre 2017 14:51
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