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Cytogenetic evaluation of chili (Capsicum spp., Solanaceae) genotypes cultivated in Valle del Cauca, Colombia

De Souza Macedo, Viviane and Garcia Davila, Mario Augusto and De Castro, Gisele Renata and Garzón Bautista, Yuri Marcela and Caetano, Creuci Maria (2017) Cytogenetic evaluation of chili (Capsicum spp., Solanaceae) genotypes cultivated in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Acta Agronómica, 66 (4). 612 - 617. ISSN 2323-0118

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Resumen

The genus Capsicum comprises a large group of hot and sweet peppers, with different morphological varieties and degree of fruits pungency. Due to its active principles is widely used in cooking and in traditional medicine, being sold in large worldwide. In order to provide cytogenetic information which supporting plant breeding programs, this study aimed to analyze the meiotic behavior, chromosome number and pollen viability of the three species of greater economic importance of Capsicum (C. annuum, C. frutescens and C. chinense). Therefore, fruits and flower buds were collected from the Experimental Center of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, campus Palmira- CEUNP to the corresponding mitotic, meiosis and pollen viability analysis. Plants presented different meiotic abnormalities, where all can disrupt the process of meiosis cell division, creating unbalanced chromosome numbers and varied pollen fertility. Chromosome number variation, checking 2n=2x=24, 2n=2x=26, 2n=4x=48 to 2n=6x=72 chromosomes also occurred. A low degree of non-viable pollen grains was observed for C. frutescens, so these accession should not considered as a parental for plant breeding programs.

Tipo de documento:Artículo - Article
Palabras clave:Chromosome number, meiotic behavior, meiotic index, plant genetic resources conservation, ploidy level, pollen viability
Temática:5 Ciencias naturales y matemáticas / Science > 55 Ciencias de la tierra / Earth sciences & geology
6 Tecnología (ciencias aplicadas) / Technology > 63 Agricultura y tecnologías relacionadas / Agriculture
Unidad administrativa:Revistas electrónicas UN > Acta Agronómica
Código ID:59858
Enviado por : Dirección Nacional de Bibliotecas STECNICO
Enviado el día :28 Noviembre 2017 14:51
Ultima modificación:28 Noviembre 2017 14:51
Ultima modificación:28 Noviembre 2017 14:51
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