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Integrated assessments of possible effects of hydrocarbon and salt water intrusion on the groundwater of iganmu area of lagosmetropolis, southwestern nigeria

Elijah A., Ayolabi and Folorunso, Adetayo F. and Phillips W., Obende (2011) Integrated assessments of possible effects of hydrocarbon and salt water intrusion on the groundwater of iganmu area of lagosmetropolis, southwestern nigeria. Earth Sciences Research Journal; Vol. 14, núm. 1 (2010); 100-110 Earth Sciences Research Journal; Vol. 14, núm. 1 (2010); 100-110 2339-3459 1794-6190 .

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URL oficial: http://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/esrj/article...

Resumen

Vertical electrical sounding (VES) and Induced Polarisation (IP) methods of geophysical survey were incorporated with  physiochemical analysis of well water samples to determine vertical extent of petroleum-product contamination in subsurface soils and groundwater from bulk-fuel storage and distribution terminals in Iganmu area of Lagos. Interpreted results of VES and IP revealed four geoelectric layers. Clay with resistivity and IP values ranging from 1.5 - 14 m and 50 - 400mV/V respectively was encountered at the last layer penetrated by the survey except in four VES stations where the clay horizon was delineated at the third layer. This implies that subsurface aquifer is sealed by impervious layer which possibly prevents it from being contaminated by hydrocarbon and other refuse materials from the surface. Borehole log and electrical resistivity survey from a control site within the area were also incorporated with the geophysical measurements and these confirm lithologic similarity and the presence of a sealant above the aquifer layer. In addition to this, the results of the physical and geochemical analyses carried out on groundwater samples from shallow wells within the pack show very negligible level of hydrocarbon contamination which has no serious environmental implications on subsurface water in the area. However, electrical conductivity, salinity and TDS values obtained show high level of dissolved minerals (salts) making the water highly saline and unsuitable for drinking being far above recommended values for drinking water. We thus inferred that Lagos lagoon must haveinvaded the aquifer in some places leading to high salinity observed.

Tipo de documento:Artículo - Article
Temática:6 Tecnología (ciencias aplicadas) / Technology > 62 Ingeniería y operaciones afines / Engineering
Unidad administrativa:Revistas electrónicas UN > Earth Sciences Research Journal
Código ID:23999
Enviado por : Dirección Nacional de Bibliotecas STECNICO
Enviado el día :27 Junio 2014 15:16
Ultima modificación:12 Septiembre 2017 17:18
Ultima modificación:12 Septiembre 2017 17:18
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