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Dynamics of soil nitrogen and phosphorus in three land use systems on hillsides of honduras

Castro, Aracely and Menjívar, Juan Carlos and Barrios, Edmundo and Asakawa, Neuza and Borrero, Gonzalo and García, Edwin and Rao, Idupulapati (2011) Dynamics of soil nitrogen and phosphorus in three land use systems on hillsides of honduras. Acta Agronómica; Vol. 59, núm. 4 (2010); 410-419 2323-0118 0120-2812 .

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URL oficial: http://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/acta_agronom...

Resumen

A study was carried out to determine the effect of management principles in the Quesungual Slash and Mulch Agroforestry System (QSMAS) on the dynamics of soil nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), and their impact on QSMAS´ productivity in southwestern Honduras, Central America. Five land use systems were compared: (1) Slash-and-burn traditional system; (2, 3 and 4) QSMAS of 10 years old, respectively; and (5) Secondary forest. Local practices were applied to produce maize Zea mays, and bean Phaseolus vulgaris, with (101 kg N + 55 kg P /ha for maize, 46 kg N + 51 kg P /ha for bean) and without addition of fertilizers. Measurements included decomposition and nutrient release from biomass, aerobic mineralization of N, sequential fractionation of P, size-density fractionation of soil organic matter, and crop yield. Similarities in N dynamics indicate that QSMAS and slash-and-burn system were equally effective in providing N, although in QSMAS it is also result of a biologically mediated process. P pools in QSMAS were more dynamic and favorable by reducing their flows towards unavailable forms. Based on nutrient availability and grain yields over time, QSMAS could be a suitable option to replace the slash-and-burn system in smallholder agroecosystems., Se condujo un estudio para determinar el efecto de los principios de manejo del Sistema Agroforestal Quesungual (SAQ) en la dinámica de nitrógeno (N) y fósforo (P) del suelo y el impacto de estos en su productividad en el sur-occidente de Honduras, Centroamérica. Se compararon cinco sistemas: (1) tala-y-quema (TQ); (2, 3 & 4) SAQ de

Tipo de documento:Artículo - Article
Palabras clave:Sistema Agroforestal Quesungual, tala-y-quema, bosques secundarios, maíz, frijol, Quesungual Agroforestry System, slash-and-burn, secondary forests, maize, common bean
Unidad administrativa:Revistas electrónicas UN > Acta Agronómica
Código ID:23305
Enviado por : Dirección Nacional de Bibliotecas STECNICO
Enviado el día :27 Junio 2014 14:17
Ultima modificación:18 Agosto 2014 16:15
Ultima modificación:18 Agosto 2014 16:15
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